Abstract: Ibn Bagga (1139) is the first Peripatetic philosopher in the Muslim West. His philosophical corpus adheres to the Aristotelian tradition, although some scholars point out the presence of some aspects of the emanation theory and Sufism in his philosophy. These assumptions take their cue from several fragments of Ibn Bagga (al- aqwāl, topic of this article) containing elements from the theory of emanation and other Neoplatonic ideas. The question was made very strong with the critical edition of all the fragments (13 fragments) carried out by Prof. Jamal Eddine Alaoui. As a result of his very thorough critical study of these fragments, Alaoui claims eventually that the fragments should not be attributed to Ibn Bagga, thus preserving the purity of the doctrine of the Aristotelianism of the teacher of Ibn Rushd.
This article aims at reconsidering the arguments of Alaoui (non-attribution to Ibn Bagga) and those of Fayyumi (attribution to Ibn Bagga) in order to arrive to a new conclusion which, on the one hand, supports the ‘wrong attribution’ hypothesis, and on the other hand highlights the fragments in which some of the ideas of Neoplatonism and the theory of emanation are found.
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Abstract: This article attempts to grasp the condition of so-called “impossible experiences” in nature. An impossible experience is an experience that cannot fully be thematized or perceived with the senses. Some authors consider such experiences key to an ethical response. Emmanuel Levinas’s insights will guide us to further explore this initiated path. The focus of analysis is not on his indiscrete Other because it is not possible to repeat the requisites of the ethical moment represented by the indiscrete Other’s face – a breaking up of totality and a teaching. Instead, we will take a novel approach and draw a parallel with the phenomenological conditions of his less explored but promising discrete Other. It seems to offer an alternative manner of breaking through totality, teaching us a different subject, namely the secrets of hospitality.
Keywords: Environmental ethics; impossible experience; Emmanuel Levinas; discrete other; teaching; break with totality.
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Abstract: Alain Badiou’s views on antiphilosophy and Wittgenstein as its representative figure are briefly considered. Special import is given to the role of mathematics discussed in such texts.
Key Words: Wittgenstein, Badiou, mathematics
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Abstract: This is the summary of a study of personal names as identifiers and frontiers of the text viewed as an individual world or individual set of worlds of the story-teller. The story embedding the names of its heroes and the names of places in particular is seen as a way out of the opacity of language. Names are investigated as clues. Our particular interest has been set upon the capacity of the individual story-teller or encoder to give names to the characters and places of a set of textual worlds. The initial hypothesis presupposed the frontiers of the encoder’s personality in the range of his or her capacity as story-teller where the story adopts a textual individuality and becomes an entity of meta-conceptual nature.
The Effect of the study came to specify the moment of transition in the mode of self-identification of the subject: in the translingual and transcultural codification of a story the names of the heroes and places become intransparent and the text loses its frontiers offering a set of replacements or avatars to the destrucutred identity of the story-teller. Babylon is the frontier of cultural transcendence which cannot be nominally neglected, and the incapacity to reach nominal equivalency of the Self leads to the impossibility to open the world in the individual Self-tale into the world-for the-Other. The study is based on the relations of the encoder and the story, the translator and the story, the decoder and the user of the story as a text, visual and emotional adaptation and game-reality, as well as the relations of the perception and Self-perception of the re-named text individual in over 6500 cases whose number has been growing day in and day out without disturbing the system of identification as a way out of the problems caused to the Self by the opacity of language.
Key words: personal names, story, encoder, decoder, text identity, transcultural setting, wordyworld, sets of worlds, Self-cognition, opacity of language.
Abstract: Dit artikel tracht de conditie van de zogeheten ‘onmogelijke ervaring’ in de natuur te vatten. Een onmogelijke ervaring kan noch volledig gethematiseerd noch met de zintuigen gevat worden. Desondanks is deze beleving voor sommige auteurs onmisbaar voor het tot stand komen van een ethische respons. Aan de hand van het gedachtegoed van de continentale filosoof Emmanuel Levinas willen we dit pad verder verkennen. Onze analyse is niet gericht op Levinas’ ‘indiscrete Ander’, aangezien onze fenomenologische verhouding tot de Ander niet dezelfde is als die ten opzichte van de natuur. Wel brengen we een parallel tot stand met de fenomenologische conditie van Levinas’ minder uitgewerkte ‘discrete ander’. Deze lijkt een alternatieve wijze van het doorbreken van de realiteit te suggereren, één die ons de subtiliteit van gastvrijheid communiceert.
Keywords: Natuur en ethiek, onmogelijke ervaring, Emmanuel Levinas, discrete ander, communicatie, doorbreken van de totaliteit.
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The influence of Spengler on Wittgenstein’s philosophical development is considered. The point of interest is in a significant methodological restructuring which it appears to have produced. After an initial over-enthusiastic reception, Wittgenstein is seen to object on some points which he attempted to emend in his own philosophy. Spengler’s name disappeared in reworked manuscripts but traces persist in the Philosophical Investigations and an important section (§89-133) is found to be connected with it.
keywords: Wittgenstein, history of ideas, Spengler, philosophy, language
Krastyo Peykich (1666-1730), together with Filip Stanislavov, Petar Parchevich and Petar Bogdan Bakshev, to mention just the most widely-known names, was a representative of the so-called Bulgarian Catholic intelligentsia of the early modern period. Bulgarian by birth and “Roman” by education, Peykich was active as a Catholic missionary in central and east-central Europe in the decades around the very end of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth centuries, and was the author of several polemical works, which dealt with controversialist theology and political and juridical issues.
This article aims to present an overview of the scholarly studies on Peykich’s works and to highlight some problematic aspects in the historiographical interpretations of the role played by Bulgarian Catholic authors, and by Krastyo Peykich in particular, in Bulgarian national culture.
Als ich das erste Mal von bislang zweien interviewt wurde, war ich 20 Jahre alt und Sänger einer ausgesprochen erfolglosen Rock-Band. Erfolglos war sie vielleicht wegen mir selbst – denn mein Talent hatte Grenzen. Aber dieser Verdacht kam mir erst viel später. Während eines überraschenderweise mit Publikum ausgestatteten Auftritts verließ ich bei einem Instrumentalstück die Bühne und wurde von einem Lokaljournalisten abgegriffen. Ich war augenblicklich sehr stolz, interviewt zu werden und erzählte grässliche Plattitüden. Der Interviewer merkte das nicht, denn dafür war er mit seinem eigenen Stolz, Musikjournalist zu sein und Rockstars zu interviewen zu sehr beschäftigt. Der Artikel, den er schrieb, trug den Titel „Rimbaud und Paganini in Endzeitlicher Finsternis“…
Abstract: This text was read as a lecture in the frames of the scientific conference Truth, good and beauty: philosophical readings (In memoriam of prof. Isak Passy, prof. Dobrin Spassov, prof. Ciril Neshev) held on 21 and 22, December 2011. It discusses the theme of producing an adequate attitude towards philosophy, practiced here during the totalitarian period and the different approaches towards its evaluation. The author, who bases on his own experience from a lasting due the last years debate, makes few summarizing conclusions, leading the reader beyond it.
Key words: Interpretation, Integrity, Principles of evaluation, Totalitarian philosophizing, Bulgarian philosophical culture.
Abstract: The article presents an analysis of Vico’s theory on the origin of language and its role in the creation of the socio-cultural activities of the human being. The Philosophico-anthropological interpretation of Vico’s conception provides interesting arguments in favor of the thesis that the poetic language is the perfect form of dialogue. The aim of this paper is to present the dialogue as a prerequisite for the creativity.
Key words: language, poetic language, Man, Vico, Anthropology, theory of the origin of language