Philosophia - 6/2014

Philosophia - 7/2014

6 / 2014

E. J. Lowe (1950-2014)

Timothy Tambassi - L’esistenza del reale Metafisica, sostanza e tempo nella proposta di E. J. Lowe

Timothy TambassiPresentismo: in memoria di E. J. Lowe. Un ricordo bio-bibliografico

20th-century philosophy

Nicole NoteThe impossible possibility of environmental ethics, Emmanuel Levinas and the discrete Other

Александър ЛозевВитгенщайн, антифилософът, и математиката

Ханс ЙонасЗащо модерната техника е предмет на етиката – превод от немски Ирина Георгиева

Марк РиширСмисълът на феноменологията във „Видимото и невидимото” – превод от френски Паула Анегелова

Нора ГолешевскаВизуалните изследвания като социална критика и политическа теория. Джовани Сартори: визуална пайдея и видео политика

Philosophical Essays

Георги Петков‘Референция за котка’ или персоналната идентичност като познавателен проблем

Мадлен АнгеловаТомлението като естетика насочена към субектното – едно своеобразно съзерцание на другия

 7 / 2014

Medieval philosophy

Jan SöffnerBrunos Asche. Philosophische Implikationen einer Hinrichtung

Jamal Rachak  - De l’authenticité des fragments (al-aqwāl) d’Ibn Bāğğa . (Avempace 1074-1139)

Smilen MarkovThe Epistemic structure as an animate statue – Psellos’ concept of Christian Philosophy

20th-century philosophy

Iván Galán HompaneraFaktizität und Fremderfahrung

Pablo Posada VarelaSuspension, déshumanisation, hyperbole (Husserl, Fink, Richir). Radicalisations de l’épochè et paliers de concrescence

Slavoj Žižek

Славой ЖижекКризата на Запад е криза на демокрацията, колкото и на финансите - превод от английски Иван Дулов

Славой ЖижекЕдно сърце, по-голямо от живота - превод от английски Иван Дулов

Интервю със Славой Жижек – от Иван Дулов

Philosophy of language

Gergana ApostolovaNames as identifiers and frontiers of the text: the individual capacity of renaming in changing cultural and language environment

Petar Dimkov - On Conceptual Schemes from Linguo-psycho-philosophical Point of View

 

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Jamal Rachak 

AvempaceAbstract: Ibn Bagga (1139) is the first Peripatetic philosopher in the Muslim West. His philosophical corpus adheres to the Aristotelian tradition, although some scholars point out the presence of some aspects of the emanation theory and Sufism in his philosophy. These assumptions take their cue from several fragments of Ibn Bagga (al- aqwāl, topic of this article) containing elements from the theory of emanation and other Neoplatonic ideas. The question was made very strong with the critical edition of all the fragments (13 fragments) carried out by Prof. Jamal Eddine Alaoui. As a result of his very thorough critical study of these fragments, Alaoui claims eventually that the fragments should not be attributed to Ibn Bagga, thus preserving the purity of the doctrine of the Aristotelianism of the teacher of Ibn Rushd.

This article aims at reconsidering the arguments of Alaoui (non-attribution to Ibn Bagga) and those of Fayyumi (attribution to Ibn Bagga) in order to arrive to a new conclusion which, on the one hand, supports the ‘wrong attribution’ hypothesis, and on the other hand highlights the fragments in which some of the ideas of Neoplatonism and the theory of emanation are found.

link Full Text   (FR)

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Nicole Note

Emmanuel LevinasAbstract: This article attempts to grasp the condition of so-called “impossible experiences” in nature. An impossible experience is an experience that cannot fully be thematized or perceived with the senses. Some authors consider such experiences key to an ethical response. Emmanuel Levinas’s insights will guide us to further explore this initiated path. The focus of analysis is not on his indiscrete Other because it is not possible to repeat the requisites of the ethical moment represented by the indiscrete Other’s face – a breaking up of totality and a teaching. Instead, we will take a novel approach and draw a parallel with the phenomenological conditions of his less explored but promising discrete Other. It seems to offer an alternative manner of breaking through totality, teaching us a different subject, namely the secrets of hospitality.

Keywords: Environmental ethics; impossible experience; Emmanuel Levinas; discrete other; teaching; break with totality.

link Full Text   (EN)

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 Alexandre Losev

ВитгенщайнAbstract: Alain Badiou’s views on antiphilosophy and Wittgenstein as its representative figure are briefly considered. Special import is given to the role of mathematics discussed in such texts.
Key Words: Wittgenstein, Badiou, mathematics

link Full Text: (BG)

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Timothy Tambassi

E. J. LoweAbstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze E. J. Lowe metaphysical proposal by focusing on the relationship between metaphysics and science, on the notions of substance and time, and on the foundational role of substance for the constitution of reality. In the first section I will define the meaning of metaphysics for Lowe and I will show the relationship between metaphysics and the scientific and intellectual disciplines. In the second section I will analyze the notion of substance focusing on Lowe’s distinction between primitive and composite substances. Finally, in the third section, I discuss his position on the nature of time and his reflections on substances persisting through time.

Keywords: Metaphysics, reality, substance, time, persistence

link Full Text   (It)

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Gergana Apostolova

http://philosophy-e.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/calligraphy.pngAbstract: This is the summary of a study of personal names as identifiers and frontiers of the text viewed as an individual world or individual set of worlds of the story-teller. The story embedding the names of its heroes and the names of places in particular is seen as a way out of the opacity of language. Names are investigated as clues.  Our particular interest has been set upon the  capacity of the individual story-teller or encoder to give names to the characters and places of a set of textual worlds.  The initial hypothesis presupposed the frontiers of the encoder’s personality in the range of his or her capacity as story-teller where the story adopts a textual individuality and becomes an entity of meta-conceptual nature.

The Effect of the study came to specify the moment of transition in the mode of self-identification of the subject: in the translingual and transcultural codification of a story the names of the heroes and places become intransparent and  the text loses its frontiers offering a set of replacements or avatars to the destrucutred identity of the story-teller. Babylon is the frontier of cultural transcendence which cannot be nominally neglected, and the incapacity to reach nominal equivalency of the Self leads to the impossibility  to open the world in the individual Self-tale into the world-for the-Other. The study is based on the relations of the encoder and the story, the translator and the story, the decoder and the user  of the story as a text, visual and emotional adaptation and game-reality, as well as the relations of the perception and Self-perception of the re-named text individual in over 6500 cases whose number has been growing day in and day out without disturbing the system of identification as a way out of the problems caused to the Self by the opacity of language.

Key words:  personal names, story, encoder, decoder, text identity, transcultural setting, wordyworld, sets of worlds, Self-cognition, opacity of language. 

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Nicole Note

Emmanuel LevinasAbstract: Dit artikel tracht de conditie van de zogeheten ‘onmogelijke ervaring’ in de natuur te vatten. Een onmogelijke ervaring kan noch volledig gethematiseerd noch met de zintuigen gevat worden.  Desondanks is deze beleving voor sommige auteurs onmisbaar voor het tot stand komen van een ethische respons. Aan de hand van het gedachtegoed van de continentale filosoof Emmanuel Levinas willen we dit pad verder verkennen. Onze analyse is niet gericht op Levinas’ ‘indiscrete Ander’, aangezien onze fenomenologische verhouding tot de Ander niet dezelfde is als die ten opzichte van de natuur.  Wel brengen we een parallel tot stand met de fenomenologische conditie van Levinas’  minder uitgewerkte ‘discrete ander’. Deze lijkt een alternatieve wijze van het doorbreken van de realiteit te suggereren, één die ons de subtiliteit van gastvrijheid communiceert.

Keywords: Natuur en ethiek, onmogelijke ervaring, Emmanuel Levinas, discrete ander, communicatie, doorbreken van de totaliteit. 

link Full Text   (EN)

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Моника ПанайотоваГлоса върху идеята за безсмъртието на душата в Платоновия „Федон” , X книга на „Закони” и „За душата и възкресението” на Григорий Нисийски

Михаела Шанова - „Tеглото ми е моята любов”, или разсъждения върху една мисъл на Aвгустин

Траяна МихайловаПроблемът за идентичността и демоничното в образа на Алиса

Зорница КаприеваУбийството – между психологията, философията и рекламата. Кратко изследване на хомоцидните интенции

Reviews and  Comments

Русалена Пенджекова-ХристеваФилософия на архивното познание и постижения на българската университетска архивистика

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Fouad Ben Ahmed - Ibn Rušd: Knowledge, pleasures and analogy

Mariya KalchevaAn Outline of the History of the Concept of Form: Antique Origin and Early Christian Reception

Polya Tarkoleva Philosophicо-anthropological interpretation of Vico’s theory on the origin of language

Iva Manova - Historico-Philosophical Studies on Krastyo Peykich of Chiprovtsi (1666-1730): Аn Overview of the Literature and Some Critical Remarks

Alexandre Losev – Morpho-logical Investigations: Wittgenstein and Spengler

Dobrin Todorov - Interpretation and Integrity

Jan Söffner - Der Kairos des Denkens und das Interview als Ort des Philosophierens 

Ivanka Mavrodieva Rhetorical features of academic presentations

Gergana Pencheva-Apostolova - E-kind. Facing the Stars

Mariya IvanchevaAllegories of Transition: Representations of Past and Present Repressive Regimes in Gyorgyi Palfi’s Feature Film Taxidermia and the House of Terror Museum in Budapest

Веселина Славова - Проблемът за тялото във философските концепции на Е. Левинас и М. Мерло-Понти

Нора Голешевска - Сценарии за края на историята на изкуството: Ханс Белтинг и Артър Данто

Petar Dimkov Analysis of the concept ‘Desemantism’

Карл Ясперс За европейския дух (превод от немски: Георги Каприев)

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Ludwig Wittgenstein  philosophy

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Alexandre Losev

Ludwig WittgensteinThe influence of Spengler on Wittgenstein’s philosophical development is considered. The point of interest is in a significant methodological restructuring which it appears to have produced. After an initial over-enthusiastic reception, Wittgenstein is seen to object on some points which he attempted to emend in his own philosophy. Spengler’s name disappeared in reworked manuscripts but traces persist in the Philosophical Investigations and an important section (§89-133) is found to be connected with it.

keywords: Wittgenstein, history of ideas, Spengler, philosophy, language

link Full Text:  (EN)

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by on February 19, 2013 · 0 comments

Iva Manova

Krastyo PeykichKrastyo Peykich (1666-1730), together with Filip Stanislavov, Petar Parchevich and Petar Bogdan Bakshev, to mention just the most widely-known names, was a representative of the so-called Bulgarian Catholic intelligentsia of the early modern period. Bulgarian by birth and “Roman” by education, Peykich was active as a Catholic missionary in central and east-central Europe in the decades around the very end of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth centuries, and was the author of several polemical works, which dealt with controversialist theology and political and juridical issues.

This article aims to present an overview of the scholarly studies on Peykich’s works and to highlight some problematic aspects in the historiographical interpretations of the role played by Bulgarian Catholic authors, and by Krastyo Peykich in particular, in Bulgarian national culture.

link Full Text:  (EN)

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 Jan Söffner

InterviewAls ich das erste Mal von bislang zweien interviewt wurde, war ich 20 Jahre alt und Sänger einer ausgesprochen erfolglosen Rock-Band. Erfolglos war sie vielleicht wegen mir selbst – denn mein Talent hatte Grenzen. Aber dieser Verdacht kam mir erst viel später. Während eines überraschenderweise mit Publikum ausgestatteten Auftritts verließ ich bei einem Instrumentalstück die Bühne und wurde von einem Lokaljournalisten abgegriffen. Ich war augenblicklich sehr stolz, interviewt zu werden und erzählte grässliche Plattitüden. Der Interviewer merkte das nicht, denn dafür war er mit seinem eigenen Stolz, Musikjournalist zu sein und Rockstars zu interviewen zu sehr beschäftigt. Der Artikel, den er schrieb, trug den Titel „Rimbaud und Paganini in Endzeitlicher Finsternis“…

link Full Text:  (EN)

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Interpretation and Integrity

by on February 18, 2013 · 0 comments

Dobrin Todorov 

Философската публичност в тоталитарна и посттоталитарна БългарияAbstract: This text was read as a lecture in the frames of the scientific conference Truth, good and beauty: philosophical readings (In memoriam of prof. Isak Passy, prof. Dobrin Spassov, prof. Ciril Neshev) held on 21 and 22, December 2011. It discusses the theme of producing an adequate attitude towards philosophy, practiced here during the totalitarian period and the different approaches towards its evaluation. The author, who bases on his own experience from a lasting due the last years debate, makes few summarizing conclusions, leading the reader beyond it.

Key words: Interpretation, Integrity, Principles of evaluation, Totalitarian philosophizing, Bulgarian philosophical culture.

link Full Text:  (BG)

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Polya Tarkoleva

Vico principi di scienza nuovaAbstract: The article presents an analysis of Vico’s theory on the origin of language and its role in the creation of the socio-cultural activities of the human being. The Philosophico-anthropological interpretation of Vico’s conception provides interesting arguments in favor of the thesis that the poetic language is the perfect form of dialogue. The aim of this paper is to present the dialogue as a prerequisite for the creativity.

Key words: language, poetic language, Man, Vico, Anthropology, theory of the origin of language

link Full Text:  (BG)

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Lars Reuke - To p or not to p. Scotus, Leibniz und die Kontingenz

Tim McMynneFrank Ramsey’s Commitment to Ideology

Antoaneta Doncheva - Beckett and Carroll – A Violent Denial of Personal Identity

Rosena VucovaResume on James Clifford’s The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth Century Ethnography, Literature and Art (Harvard University Press, 1988), Part One: Discourses, “On Ethnographic Authority”

Марио Коев - ВРЕМЕ. ПЕРИОДИЧНОСТ. БАНАЛНОСТ. Богословски опит върху красотата на битието

Веселин Дафов – Що е то дете?

Габриела Русинова - Петър Испански: рецепция и трансформация на теорията за топосите на Боеций

Веселин Дафов – Кариери за философи

Алберт Велики – За интелекта и умопостигаемото (Превод от латински: Евелина Митева )

 

 

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Beckett and Carroll – A Violent Denial of Personal Identity

November 22, 2012

Antoaneta Doncheva This article is first presented as a paper in X th World Congress of Semiotics  (La Coruna 2009) In this paper, I investigate the relationships between narative, knowledge and personal identity. I take  Samuel Beckett’s  “Waiting  for Godot”  and  Carroll’s  “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland”  and  “Trough the Looking Glas”. The basic questions addressed […]

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Frank Ramsey’s Commitment to Ideology

November 21, 2012

Tim McMynne Pejorative references to ideology have become so commonplace in political bickering that even an editorial touting one’s intellectual pedigree mouths the specious arguments. After failing to be confirmed to an appointment Federal Reserve, the Nobel-wielding economist Peter A. Diamond wrote a New York Times editorial, “When a Nobel Prize Isn’t Enough”, that informs […]

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To p or not to p. Scotus, Leibniz und die Kontingenz

November 21, 2012

Lars Reuke Thema der vorliegenden Arbeit ist der Begriff der Kontingenz und der Modalität. Dazu sollen zwei Denker zu Wort kommen und analysiert werden, deren Behandlung von Modalität innovativ und einflussreich war und ist: Johannes Duns Scotus (geb. ca. 1266, gest. am 08. November 1308) und Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (geb. am 01. Juli 1646, gest. […]

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Resume on James Clifford’s The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth Century Ethnography, Literature and Art (Harvard University Press, 1988), Part One: Discourses, “On Ethnographic Authority”

November 21, 2012

Rosena Vucova The text observes the development of ethnographic authority form the allegorical period of science in the 18th century (Father Lafitau) through its participant observation period in the 20th century (Malinowski) to the idea of the polyphonic novel, based on Bakhtin’s theories. The goal is to follow and explain the process of collaborative production of ethnographical knowledge […]

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Philosophia: E-Journal of Philosophy and Culture – 2/2012

July 17, 2012

Georgi Kapriev - Die “Konservativen” und die “Neuerer” in der Palaiologenzeit Kosta Milkov - Pseudo-Dionysius on the ecstatic in the divine ascent of the soul Aidan Harris - Justice and Sentiment for Women and Children in the Family Maya Mincheva - Où est le lieu de la philosophie? Le Collège International de Philosophie dans la pensée de Jacques Derrida Martina Leeker - Lokale Mediengeschichte(n) und […]

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