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Worldview approaches

Κατελής Βίγκλας - Η αναλογική σκέψη του Αθανάσιου Κίρχερ ως βάση σύνδεσης του Ολισμού με τον Νεοπλατωνισμό

Nikolay IvanovThe conception of belief in Gustav Fechner and William James (The unwritten chapter of “The Varieties of Religious Experience”)

Matteo SioneBarthes et Nietzsche : une « pensée nomade »

Александър Лозев - Хóра е отговорът

Уолтър Трует Андерсън - Четири различни начина да бъдем абсолютно прави (прев. от английски Силвия Борисова)

 Relational theories

Sotiris MitralexisRelational Ontologies in Dialogue: Christos Yannaras’ and Joseph Kaipayil’s Distinct “Relational Ontologies”

Кантен МеясуВреме без ставане (прев. от английски Петко Петков)

Ethics

Петър НаковДилемата на евтаназията: моралното различие между активна и пасивна евтаназия

Manoranjan Mallick / Vikram S. Sirola  - Wittgenstein’s view on nonsensicality of ethics

Aesthetics

Богдана ПаскалеваКъм въпроса за предмодерната естетика

Силвия БорисоваТрайност на красивото

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 Sotiris Mitralexis

Christos-YannarasABSTRACT: Two thinkers with radically different backgrounds and no other connection to each other or information about each other, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy Dr. Christos Yannaras in Athens, Greece, and Professor of Philosophy Dr. Joseph Kaipayil in Bangalore, India, both articulate a ‘Critical Ontology’ and a ‘Relational Ontology’ with striking similarities as well as substantial differences; one of the most interesting aspects of this parallel philosophical production is the observation of both philosophers that a ‘relational ontology’ cannot but be a ‘critical ontology’, and vice versa. In this article I will attempt to briefly present the relevant theories of both philosophers and to highlight the common points and differing aspects that call for a direct dialogue between them.

Keywords: ontology, metaphysics, epistemology, relational, relationality, relationalism, critical, comparative, India, Greece, person, Christos Yannaras, Joseph Kaipayil

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Nikolay Ivanov

Gustav Fechner1. Introduction

One of the few issues which have rarely been researched by James’s scholars is the influence exerted by the famous scientist and philosopher Gustav Theodor Fechner over the pragmatist. Despite his opposition to ontological monism, and in spite of his harsh criticism of Elements of psychophysics, James had a deep respect for the panpsychist metaphysics of Fechner, dedicating it a long chapter in A Pluralistic Universe, as well as in some of his letters. In the later stage of his philosophical development, James even was moving towards an alternative version of panpsychism, calling it “pluralistic”. Fechner’s mystical theory which at some places appears even in the form of monism, based on the conception of the unity of the whole world enveloped by a universal soul, provokes James’s imagination until the end of his life.

Besides being a representative of natural sciences, Fechner was a very penetrating metaphysician who was increasingly interested in metaphysics due to his personal experiences. As Michael Heidelberger explains, there is an unjustified prejudice that Fechner was a purely metaphysical and eccentric conceptual poet who produced only untestable philosophical sayings

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Katelis S. Viglas 

ABSTRACT

Athanasius KircherDuring the period of the “Republic of Letters” in the 17th century as a result of geographical discoveries, Athanasius Kircher formed various theoretical and scientific views, of which three are presented here. First, he developed the theory of a dynamic geology, on the one side, regarding the Earth’s interior perceived as being full of tunnels leading to volcanoes, and on the other side, regarding the land surface as a product of divine intervention and the universal magnetism. Second, he held the ideal of the unity of the religions and nations of the world as a result of the Western historical-religious way of thinking. Third, he studied many unknown, ancient and contemporary languages, under a neo-platonic perspective, focusing on the decipherment of the Egyptian hieroglyphs and the creation of a universal language. The epistemological significance of the connection between Holism and Neo-Platonism was underlined by the introduction of a new symbolic order, which was based on an intelligible and to a great extent imaginary interpretation of reality. Because Kirher’s views echoed the holistic and neo-platonic conceptions of the Renaissance, he was expected to be forgotten during the Modern era. The emergence of the Scientific Revolution led to the abandonment of the analogical thought, in favor of the deterministic interpretation and the verification through experimental evidence.

Key words: Geography, Magnetism, Religion, Ethnology, Linguistics, Holism, Neo-Platonism, Hermeticism, Epistemology, Analogy

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Manoranjan Mallick

Vikram S. Sirola 

Ludwig WittgensteinThis paper makes an attempt to discuss why Wittgenstein considers ethical values as absolute in nature? Unlike the world which is nothing more than the concatenation of contingent facts, values (ethical, aesthetic, and religious) are non-accidental, unconditional and devoid of empirical content. They are transcendental in character. Hence the world is bereft of the ethical values. Values which are concerned with the factual aspects of the life and world are relative in nature and values which are to do with the moral aspects of the life and world are absolute in nature. This is based on the distinction made between facts and values i.e. the distinction between ‘how things are in the world’ and ‘what is their significance.’ The paper also analyses why ethics is viewed as supernatural and values are seen as lying beyond the world? It would make it clear Wittgenstein’s claim that ethics cannot be captured within the network of natural facts in the world, and hence, in language. And the very expression of ethical judgment of value leads to absurdity.

Key words: Wittgenstein, ethics, higher, absolute, supernatural, language, nonsense

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Matteo Sione

Barthes et Nietzsche : une « pensée nomade »

Cette expression est tirée du célèbre essai « Pensée nomade » présenté par Gilles Deleuze au colloque sur Friedrich Nietzsche de Cerisy-la-Salle en 1972 (cf. « Introduction. L’enseignement de Nietzsche » pp. 1-4). Cf. Gilles Deleuze, « Pensée nomade », dans L’île déserte et autres textes 1953-1974, Paris, Minuit, 2002.

I. Introduction

L’enseignement de Nietzsche

En juillet 1972, au Centre culturel de Cerisy-la-Salle, a eu lieu un colloque, dans le cadre de la philosophie française, consacré à l’œuvre de Friedrich Nietzsche. Le colloque a ouvert l’espace des nouvelles lectures critiques du philosophe allemand, en confrontant des commentaires exégétiques à des interprétations révolutionnaires et en se posant la question de l’actualité des intuitions, de la méthode et de la pratique philosophique nietzschéennes, comme grille de lecture du monde et de l’histoire contemporaine. La rencontre de Cerisy-la-Salle, intitulé « Nietzsche aujourd’hui ? », représente un événement fondamental pour la philosophie et la culture françaises puisqu’elle marque la naissance et la prolifération de nouveaux discours inspirés de Nietzsche, ou mieux « nietzschéens »…

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Philosophia - 6/2014

Philosophia - 7/2014

6 / 2014

E. J. Lowe (1950-2014)

Timothy Tambassi - L’esistenza del reale Metafisica, sostanza e tempo nella proposta di E. J. Lowe

Timothy TambassiPresentismo: in memoria di E. J. Lowe. Un ricordo bio-bibliografico

20th-century philosophy

Nicole NoteThe impossible possibility of environmental ethics, Emmanuel Levinas and the discrete Other

Александър ЛозевВитгенщайн, антифилософът, и математиката

Ханс ЙонасЗащо модерната техника е предмет на етиката – превод от немски Ирина Георгиева

Марк РиширСмисълът на феноменологията във „Видимото и невидимото” – превод от френски Паула Анегелова

Нора ГолешевскаВизуалните изследвания като социална критика и политическа теория. Джовани Сартори: визуална пайдея и видео политика

Philosophical Essays

Георги Петков‘Референция за котка’ или персоналната идентичност като познавателен проблем

Мадлен АнгеловаТомлението като естетика насочена към субектното – едно своеобразно съзерцание на другия

 7 / 2014

Medieval philosophy

Jan SöffnerBrunos Asche. Philosophische Implikationen einer Hinrichtung

Jamal Rachak  - De l’authenticité des fragments (al-aqwāl) d’Ibn Bāğğa . (Avempace 1074-1139)

Smilen MarkovThe Epistemic structure as an animate statue – Psellos’ concept of Christian Philosophy

20th-century philosophy

Iván Galán HompaneraFaktizität und Fremderfahrung

Pablo Posada VarelaSuspension, déshumanisation, hyperbole (Husserl, Fink, Richir). Radicalisations de l’épochè et paliers de concrescence

Slavoj Žižek

Славой ЖижекКризата на Запад е криза на демокрацията, колкото и на финансите - превод от английски Иван Дулов

Славой ЖижекЕдно сърце, по-голямо от живота - превод от английски Иван Дулов

Интервю със Славой Жижек – от Иван Дулов

Philosophy of language

Gergana ApostolovaNames as identifiers and frontiers of the text: the individual capacity of renaming in changing cultural and language environment

Petar Dimkov - On Conceptual Schemes from Linguo-psycho-philosophical Point of View

 

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Jamal Rachak 

AvempaceAbstract: Ibn Bagga (1139) is the first Peripatetic philosopher in the Muslim West. His philosophical corpus adheres to the Aristotelian tradition, although some scholars point out the presence of some aspects of the emanation theory and Sufism in his philosophy. These assumptions take their cue from several fragments of Ibn Bagga (al- aqwāl, topic of this article) containing elements from the theory of emanation and other Neoplatonic ideas. The question was made very strong with the critical edition of all the fragments (13 fragments) carried out by Prof. Jamal Eddine Alaoui. As a result of his very thorough critical study of these fragments, Alaoui claims eventually that the fragments should not be attributed to Ibn Bagga, thus preserving the purity of the doctrine of the Aristotelianism of the teacher of Ibn Rushd.

This article aims at reconsidering the arguments of Alaoui (non-attribution to Ibn Bagga) and those of Fayyumi (attribution to Ibn Bagga) in order to arrive to a new conclusion which, on the one hand, supports the ‘wrong attribution’ hypothesis, and on the other hand highlights the fragments in which some of the ideas of Neoplatonism and the theory of emanation are found.

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Nicole Note

Emmanuel LevinasAbstract: This article attempts to grasp the condition of so-called “impossible experiences” in nature. An impossible experience is an experience that cannot fully be thematized or perceived with the senses. Some authors consider such experiences key to an ethical response. Emmanuel Levinas’s insights will guide us to further explore this initiated path. The focus of analysis is not on his indiscrete Other because it is not possible to repeat the requisites of the ethical moment represented by the indiscrete Other’s face – a breaking up of totality and a teaching. Instead, we will take a novel approach and draw a parallel with the phenomenological conditions of his less explored but promising discrete Other. It seems to offer an alternative manner of breaking through totality, teaching us a different subject, namely the secrets of hospitality.

Keywords: Environmental ethics; impossible experience; Emmanuel Levinas; discrete other; teaching; break with totality.

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 Alexandre Losev

ВитгенщайнAbstract: Alain Badiou’s views on antiphilosophy and Wittgenstein as its representative figure are briefly considered. Special import is given to the role of mathematics discussed in such texts.
Key Words: Wittgenstein, Badiou, mathematics

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Timothy Tambassi

E. J. LoweAbstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze E. J. Lowe metaphysical proposal by focusing on the relationship between metaphysics and science, on the notions of substance and time, and on the foundational role of substance for the constitution of reality. In the first section I will define the meaning of metaphysics for Lowe and I will show the relationship between metaphysics and the scientific and intellectual disciplines. In the second section I will analyze the notion of substance focusing on Lowe’s distinction between primitive and composite substances. Finally, in the third section, I discuss his position on the nature of time and his reflections on substances persisting through time.

Keywords: Metaphysics, reality, substance, time, persistence

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Gergana Apostolova

http://philosophy-e.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/calligraphy.pngAbstract: This is the summary of a study of personal names as identifiers and frontiers of the text viewed as an individual world or individual set of worlds of the story-teller. The story embedding the names of its heroes and the names of places in particular is seen as a way out of the opacity of language. Names are investigated as clues.  Our particular interest has been set upon the  capacity of the individual story-teller or encoder to give names to the characters and places of a set of textual worlds.  The initial hypothesis presupposed the frontiers of the encoder’s personality in the range of his or her capacity as story-teller where the story adopts a textual individuality and becomes an entity of meta-conceptual nature.

The Effect of the study came to specify the moment of transition in the mode of self-identification of the subject: in the translingual and transcultural codification of a story the names of the heroes and places become intransparent and  the text loses its frontiers offering a set of replacements or avatars to the destrucutred identity of the story-teller. Babylon is the frontier of cultural transcendence which cannot be nominally neglected, and the incapacity to reach nominal equivalency of the Self leads to the impossibility  to open the world in the individual Self-tale into the world-for the-Other. The study is based on the relations of the encoder and the story, the translator and the story, the decoder and the user  of the story as a text, visual and emotional adaptation and game-reality, as well as the relations of the perception and Self-perception of the re-named text individual in over 6500 cases whose number has been growing day in and day out without disturbing the system of identification as a way out of the problems caused to the Self by the opacity of language.

Key words:  personal names, story, encoder, decoder, text identity, transcultural setting, wordyworld, sets of worlds, Self-cognition, opacity of language. 

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Nicole Note

Emmanuel LevinasAbstract: Dit artikel tracht de conditie van de zogeheten ‘onmogelijke ervaring’ in de natuur te vatten. Een onmogelijke ervaring kan noch volledig gethematiseerd noch met de zintuigen gevat worden.  Desondanks is deze beleving voor sommige auteurs onmisbaar voor het tot stand komen van een ethische respons. Aan de hand van het gedachtegoed van de continentale filosoof Emmanuel Levinas willen we dit pad verder verkennen. Onze analyse is niet gericht op Levinas’ ‘indiscrete Ander’, aangezien onze fenomenologische verhouding tot de Ander niet dezelfde is als die ten opzichte van de natuur.  Wel brengen we een parallel tot stand met de fenomenologische conditie van Levinas’  minder uitgewerkte ‘discrete ander’. Deze lijkt een alternatieve wijze van het doorbreken van de realiteit te suggereren, één die ons de subtiliteit van gastvrijheid communiceert.

Keywords: Natuur en ethiek, onmogelijke ervaring, Emmanuel Levinas, discrete ander, communicatie, doorbreken van de totaliteit. 

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Моника ПанайотоваГлоса върху идеята за безсмъртието на душата в Платоновия „Федон” , X книга на „Закони” и „За душата и възкресението” на Григорий Нисийски

Михаела Шанова - „Tеглото ми е моята любов”, или разсъждения върху една мисъл на Aвгустин

Траяна МихайловаПроблемът за идентичността и демоничното в образа на Алиса

Зорница КаприеваУбийството – между психологията, философията и рекламата. Кратко изследване на хомоцидните интенции

Reviews and  Comments

Русалена Пенджекова-ХристеваФилософия на архивното познание и постижения на българската университетска архивистика

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Fouad Ben Ahmed - Ibn Rušd: Knowledge, pleasures and analogy

Mariya KalchevaAn Outline of the History of the Concept of Form: Antique Origin and Early Christian Reception

Polya Tarkoleva Philosophicо-anthropological interpretation of Vico’s theory on the origin of language

Iva Manova - Historico-Philosophical Studies on Krastyo Peykich of Chiprovtsi (1666-1730): Аn Overview of the Literature and Some Critical Remarks

Alexandre Losev – Morpho-logical Investigations: Wittgenstein and Spengler

Dobrin Todorov - Interpretation and Integrity

Jan Söffner - Der Kairos des Denkens und das Interview als Ort des Philosophierens 

Ivanka Mavrodieva Rhetorical features of academic presentations

Gergana Pencheva-Apostolova - E-kind. Facing the Stars

Mariya IvanchevaAllegories of Transition: Representations of Past and Present Repressive Regimes in Gyorgyi Palfi’s Feature Film Taxidermia and the House of Terror Museum in Budapest

Веселина Славова - Проблемът за тялото във философските концепции на Е. Левинас и М. Мерло-Понти

Нора Голешевска - Сценарии за края на историята на изкуството: Ханс Белтинг и Артър Данто

Petar Dimkov Analysis of the concept ‘Desemantism’

Карл Ясперс За европейския дух (превод от немски: Георги Каприев)

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Ludwig Wittgenstein  philosophy

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Morpho-logical Investigations: Wittgenstein and Spengler

February 20, 2013

Alexandre Losev The influence of Spengler on Wittgenstein’s philosophical development is considered. The point of interest is in a significant methodological restructuring which it appears to have produced. After an initial over-enthusiastic reception, Wittgenstein is seen to object on some points which he attempted to emend in his own philosophy. Spengler’s name disappeared in reworked manuscripts but traces persist in […]

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February 19, 2013

Iva Manova Krastyo Peykich (1666-1730), together with Filip Stanislavov, Petar Parchevich and Petar Bogdan Bakshev, to mention just the most widely-known names, was a representative of the so-called Bulgarian Catholic intelligentsia of the early modern period. Bulgarian by birth and “Roman” by education, Peykich was active as a Catholic missionary in central and east-central Europe […]

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Der Kairos des Denkens und das Interview als Ort des Philosophierens

February 19, 2013

 Jan Söffner Als ich das erste Mal von bislang zweien interviewt wurde, war ich 20 Jahre alt und Sänger einer ausgesprochen erfolglosen Rock-Band. Erfolglos war sie vielleicht wegen mir selbst – denn mein Talent hatte Grenzen. Aber dieser Verdacht kam mir erst viel später. Während eines überraschenderweise mit Publikum ausgestatteten Auftritts verließ ich bei einem […]

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Interpretation and Integrity

February 18, 2013

Dobrin Todorov  Abstract: This text was read as a lecture in the frames of the scientific conference Truth, good and beauty: philosophical readings (In memoriam of prof. Isak Passy, prof. Dobrin Spassov, prof. Ciril Neshev) held on 21 and 22, December 2011. It discusses the theme of producing an adequate attitude towards philosophy, practiced here […]

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Philosophicо-anthropological interpretation of Vico’s theory on the origin of language

February 12, 2013

Polya Tarkoleva Abstract: The article presents an analysis of Vico’s theory on the origin of language and its role in the creation of the socio-cultural activities of the human being. The Philosophico-anthropological interpretation of Vico’s conception provides interesting arguments in favor of the thesis that the poetic language is the perfect form of dialogue. The […]

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